Ruby Hurley was born November 7, 1909 in Virginia. She was born in the era of Jim Crow. This was the time just after the Civil War finished and colored people were free from slavery but they had no rights. In Ruby's childhood she was discriminated a lot and treated different from whites. The NAACP was created in the year that Ruby was born. She was the first professional civil rights worker. In 1943, Hurley was appointed to the Youth Secretary of the NAACP. NAACP stands for National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. She helped with many cases such as getting a colored person into an all white University. She also helped set up campaigns to support the rights of colored people. In 1951, she set up an office in Atlanta she worked in Atlanta but later on retired from her job shortly after. Ruby Hurley died August 9, 1980.